328: First Temporal Disclosure of the Covenant of Grace: Genesis 3.15

I. Genesis 3.15 and the Covenant of Grace (CoG)

II. The Profound Graciousness of the CoG

A. Genesis 3.1-5

1. Eve’s imprecise knowledge and Adam’s negligence

2. Satan’s words

a. Focuses on the focal aspect of the Covenant of Works (CoW)

b. Alleges that God’s covenant with man has been intended to limit mankind rather than to bless him; not to draw them to God, but to hold them back.

c. The serpent is impugning the covenantal purpose of God and the graciousness of God in those purposes.

B. Genesis 3.6

1. Eve succumbs to temptation

2. The depth of sin, which throws the graciousness of the CoG into stark relief.

a. Adam’s presence with Eve

b. Adam’s culpability; I Timothy 2.14

i. Adam knew what he was doing

ii. Effects on doctrine of sin

a) Adam willingly rejected God

b) Sin as a rejection of God Himself

c) Points for application

3. The enticing power of sin

a. No reason Adam should have sinned.

b. A grave warning to us.


III. The Course that God’s Redemption Will Follow

A. The creation of enmity  ואיבה  more

1. This enmity defines two spiritual seeds

a. Spiritual seeds seen in the next generation; Cain (I John 3.12) and Abel (Hebrews 11.4)

b. Christ alludes to spiritual seeds; John 8.44

c. The seeds are marked out by their relative presence or absence of enmity against the serpent.

2. Throughout the progression of the covenants, see God choosing some people to be His and not choosing others (election). Between the two groups, always enmity.

a. Points to a particularizing covenant.

b. God’s people will always be at enmity with the world.

c. Swollen with grace.

3. The CoG, as a function of its grace, will create and exacerbate enmity between God’s people and sin.

a. Important in understanding later covenants

b. Effects seen in individual Christians

B. Climax of enmity between a Personal Seed of the woman and the serpent himself.

1. God is declaring the Gospel promise. There will be a people who will be at enmity with the sinful world and out of them will come One Who will destroy the deceiver.

2. God is declaring the dim outlines of the CoP.

a. The Father has chosen a people.

b. The Father has given this people to the Son, Who will redeem them.

c. This people will know that redemption through the work of the Spirit, Who will create enmity in their hearts against the serpent.

C. Importance

1. Illustrates the overall unity of the CoG

a. Genesis 3.15

b. Romans 16.20

c. Revelation 12.1-6

d. Continuity of purpose affirms the unity of the CoG.

e. The promise of Genesis 3.15 is a promise whose coming to fulfillment guided the course of redemptive history. It is a programmatic promise.

2. Shows that God’s people in every age were saved through faith in the promise of a Messiah.

a. God promises to send a Messiah.

b. Those who believed this promise were believing in and looking to the promised Messiah.

c. See this already in Eve; Genesis 4.1, 25

D. Describes the course of redemptive history – God is going to be sovereignly and graciously setting His people apart; marking them out through their enmity against Satan; and in the fullness of time, He will send One Who will destroy Satan.

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