Hebrew vowels

A-class vowels

The A-class vowels make some variation of the “a” sound in English.  They are:

 patah אַ short vowel;  pronounced as the a in father
qamats  אָ long vowel;  pronounced as the a in father
hataf-patah  אֲ very short or reduced vowel;  pronounced as the a in anniversary
qamats-hey  דָּה pronounced as the a in father

E-class vowels

The E-class vowels make some variation of the “e” sound in English.  They are:

 segol אֶ  short vowel;  pronounced as the e in met
sere אֵ long vowel;  pronounced as the ey in they
sere-yod נֵי long vowel;  pronounced as the ey in they
hataf-segol  אֱ very short or reduced vowel;  pronounced as the e in enemy

I-class vowels

The I-class vowels make some variation of the “i” sound in English.  They are:

 hiriq אִ pronounced as the e in she
hiriq-yod  אִי pronounced as the e in she

O-class vowels

The O-class vowels make some variation of the O sound in English.  They are:

 holem  אֹ  long vowel;  pronounced as the o in role
holem-vav  אוֹ  long vowel;  pronounced as the o in role
qamats-hatuf  אָ  short vowel;  pronounced as the o in odd
hataf-qamats  אֳ very short or reduced vowel;  pronounced as the o in odd

U-class vowels

The U-class vowels make some variation of the u sound in English.  They are:

 qibbuts  אֻ  pronounced as the u in rule
shureq  אוּ  pronounced as the u in rule