The Greek alphabet is much like the English alphabet.  Use BBG 3.1 or Machen to learn the pronunciation.   video

  • There are twenty-four letters.
  • Capital letters are not used as often as small letters, but they are found in dictionaries, proper names, and beginning quotations.
  • There are five double consonants, so called because they require two letters in transliteration: θ, ξ, φ, χ, ψ.
  • There are seven vowels: α, ε, η, ι, ο, υ, ω.
  • A really great alphabet song is here or a silly video if you are so inclined.

We do not know for sure how Greek was pronounced in ancient times. This class uses the Erasmian or academic pronunciation that is used (traditionally) in studying classical and biblical Greek.


The Hebrew letters are explained in this pdf or this video or another video.  A great song to help you memorize the alphabet is here or here.  Practice writing the letters.  Some letters are hard to distinguish.

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