A complement is the noun in the sentence that is receiving or completing the action of the verb. In English grammar, the complements of action verbs are:
- direct object
- In English and Greek, always in the accusative case
- indirect object
- In Greek, these are in the dative case.
The complements of linking verbs are:
- predicate nominative; always in the nominative case
- predicate adjective; always in predicate position
In Hebrew, the object is often marked out by the object marker word or it is a suffix on the verb itself.