indirect object

The IO (or “indirect object”) will be found between the verb and its object. The IO can be found by asking “to whom” or “for whom”.

Jeb built Joe a house.

Here are the questions to ask:

  1. The verb is “built”. Who is doing the building? Jeb is doing the building. Therefore, “Jeb” is the subject.
  2. Jeb built what? Jeb built a house. Hence, “house” is the DO.
  3. Jeb built the house “for whom”? For “Joe”, so “Joe” is the IO.


An IO will be in the dative case. (BBG 7.6)


A noun functioning as an IO will have the lamed preposition.

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