A DMW (Dependent Marker Word) is a word that begins or marks out a dependent clause. Consider this clause:
Jim drove his car over the bridge.
When Jim drove his car over the bridge…
The word “when” is a DMW and makes this clause dependent. It is called “dependent” because it must be attached to an independent clause in order for it to function as a complete thought (it is dependent on an independent clause). There are two kinds of DMWs:
The important point is this:
- When the DMW is an subordinating conjunction, then the clause is functioning adverbially.
- When the DMW is a relative pronoun, the clause is acting adjectivally.
In Greek, οτι is a common DMW.
In Hebrew, אשר and כי are common DMWs.