infinitive absolute

An infinitive absolute is the less common of the two kinds of Hebrew infinitive.   more or video

Infinitive absolutes will never have a prefix (an infinitive with a prefix is an infinitive construct). The infinitive absolute is usually used to intensify the meaning of a YQTL verb (KHW 40.2a).

כִּי בְּיוֹם אֲכָלְךָ מִמֶּנּוּ מוֹת תָּמוּת׃

…because in the day you eat from it, you will surely die. video

More info:
  • It is also sometimes translated into a simple -ing form of the verb; slaying, eating, etc.
  • If it stands after the verb, it can serve to emphasize the duration or continuation of this verb. “keep on listening…” “continue to read…” etc.
  • Sometimes it is simply translated like a finite verb as in Ex. 20:8 and 2Sam. 24:12.

 


Paradigm of Infinitive Absolute

Parsing

Hebrew

Gloss

Qal

קָטוֹל

kill

Nifal

הִקָּטֹל / נִקְטֹל

be killed

Hifil

הַקְטֵל

cause to kill

Hofal

הָקְטֵל

causing to be killed

Piel

קַטֵּל / קַטֹּל

slaughter

Pual

קֻטֹּל

be slaughtered

Hitpael

הִתְקַטֵּל

kill oneself