A verbal is a word that looks like a verb in that it implies some kind of action, but it is not functioning as a finite verb.

Verbs: Verbals:
Always have a subject. Never have a subject.
Can take an object. Can take an object.
Called “finite verbs” because they are limited by a subject Are never limited by a subject.
Every clause must have its own subject and verb. Can never be the main verb of a clause (b/c  they aren’t verbs).


In English, there are three kinds of verbals: participles; gerunds; infinitives.  They function as follows:

See also Greek participles or Hebrew participles.

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