hebrew participles

A participle is one of the three kinds of verbals (cf. finite verb). Participles are often identified by their ending -ing; running, hitting, studying, etc. Participles are called “verbal adjectives” since they look like verbs but function like adjectives.

Start your study of Hebrew participles, by making sure you understand English participles.  Then study this.  Just like any adjective, Hebrew participles, can be attributive, predicate or substantival.

Attributive use:

    • will not be part of a noun sentence;
    • will directly follow the noun it modifies;
    • will match this noun in gender, number, and definiteness.  video

Predicate use:

Substantival use:

         

Paradigms:

Qal Active Participles:

Parsing

Hebrew

Gloss

masculine singular

קֹטֵל

killing / killer

feminine singular

קֹטֶלֶת / קֹטְלָה

killing / killer

masculine plural

קֹטְלִים

killing / killers

feminine plural

קֹטְלוֹת

killing / killers


Hifil Active Participles: 

Parsing

Hebrew

Gloss

masculine singular

מַקְטִיל

causing to kill

feminine singular

מַקְטֶלֶת

causing to kill

masculine plural

מַקְטִילִים

causing to kill

feminine plural

מַקְטִילוֹת

causing to kill


Piel Active Participles:

Parsing

Hebrew

Gloss

masculine singular

מְקַטֵּל

slaughtering

feminine singular

מְקַטֶּלֶת

slaughtering

masculine plural

מְקַטְּלִים

slaughtering

feminine plural

מְקַטְּלוֹת

slaughtering