A verbal is a word that looks like a verb in that it implies some kind of action, but it is not functioning as a finite verb.
|Always have a subject.||Never have a subject.|
|Can take an object.||Can take an object.|
|Called “finite verbs” because they are limited by a subject||Are never limited by a subject.|
|Every clause must have its own subject and verb.||Can never be the main verb of a clause (b/c they aren’t verbs).|
In English, there are three kinds of verbals: participles; gerunds; infinitives. They function as follows:
- Gerunds are always substantives;
- Participles are always adjectival;
- Infinitives can be adverbial, adjectival or substantives.