A participle is a verbal adjective.

  • In English, participles usually end in -ing; e.g. running, hitting, falling, etc.
  • They are called “verbals” because they look like verbs but they act (function) like adjectives.
  • Participles, like all verbals, never have a subject (although they often have objects).
  • A participle with its modifiers is a participial phrase.

English Participles
Greek Participles
Hebrew Participles