An affix is any group of letters added to a word. There are three kinds of affixes:

  1. prefix is letters added to the front of a word (cf prefix forms, augment);
  2. an infix is something added to the middle of a word (cf hifil, tense formative);
  3. suffix is something added to the end of a word (cf pronominal suffix, case endings).

Affixation is, thus, the linguistic process speakers use to form new words by adding sounds (affixes) at

  • the beginning (prefix),
  • the middle (infix) or
  • the end (suffix) of words.

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