Philippians 1, 2, 3, 4
Εἴ τις οὖν παράκλησις ἐν Χριστῷ, εἴ τι παραμύθιον ἀγάπης, εἴ τις κοινωνία Πνεύματος, εἴ τις σπλάγχνα καὶ οἰκτιρμοί,
Therefore, if there is any consolation in Christ, if any persuasion of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and pity
Paraphrase: Now in light of my struggles, I ask you. In all our afflictions, is there any consolation that comes to use because we are in Christ? Is there anything in our religion that gives us incentive to be kind to each other? Is there any fellowship which the Spirit of God has established between us as members of Christ’s body? (Ephesians 4:3) Has God called us to suffer with those who suffer (Romans 12:15) and to show mercy to those who struggle?
RWP says ἀγάπης is an objective genitive.
πληρώσατέ μου τὴν χαρὰν ἵνα τὸ αὐτὸ φρονῆτε, τὴν αὐτὴν ἀγάπην ἔχοντες, σύμψυχοι, τὸ ἓν φρονοῦντες,
Fill up my joy that you think the same things, having the same love, one souled, thinking one thing.
Paraphrase: Well then, if our Savior taught us these things and even modeled them for us, let’s follow His example and show compassion to one another and encourage each other in our trials. For myself, I wish you would fill up my cup with joy. Here’s how you can do that. Let me see you all coming together around the grand truths of the gospel. Let everyone take the time to understand these truths and to love them. Let your whole soul go out after these matters; let these be the things that we celebrate together. Let everyone sing the same tune and proclaim the same Savior. This will give me more joy than anything else you could possibly give me.
For this use of αυτος, see Smyth §328.
μηδὲν κατ’ ἐριθείαν μηδὲ κατὰ κενοδοξίαν, ἀλλὰ τῇ ταπεινοφροσύνῃ ἀλλήλους ἡγούμενοι ὑπερέχοντας ἑαυτῶν,
No person according to selfish ambition; no one according to pride but with humility esteeming one another superior to yourselves.
Paraphrase: On the contrary, it grieves me terribly to see the disciples of Jesus acting like politicians. Members of churches jockey for position; they plot and intrigue. They act as if they were running for some political office. They are so sure of their own opinions and can’t bear to be contradicted or challenged. Is this what our Savior taught us? Didn’t He rather teach us to deny ourselves (Luke 9:23) and not to act like secular people in this regard? Did He not command us to work to advance others, rather than ourselves? (Matthew 20:25-28; Ephesians 4:12)
Eadie says that ἐριθεία was a term used of politicians canvassing for office. source
μὴ τὰ ἑαυτῶν ἕκαστοι σκοποῦντες, ἀλλὰ καὶ τὰ ἑτέρων ἕκαστοι.
Each person not paying attention to the things of ourselves but each person even the things of others.
Paraphrase: Let us, as those who follow in our Master’s footsteps, let go of all such sinful behavior. In fact, let’s do the complete opposite. Let’s look out more for our neighbor’s good than we do for our own things.
For μή, see negatives.
Τοῦτο φρονεῖτε ἐν ὑμῖν ὃ καὶ ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ·
Mind this thing in you which was even in Christ Jesus.
Paraphrase: This was the great example that Jesus set for us, and I want you all to have the same attitude.
Ὃς ἐν μορφῇ Θεοῦ ὑπάρχων, οὐχ ἁρπαγμὸν ἡγήσατο τὸ εἶναι ἴσα Θεῷ,
Who being in the form of God, did not regard being equal with God as something to be held tightly
Paraphrase: Consider who Jesus was and what He did. Don’t forget that He was
Lightfoot says that ὑπάρχων means “prior existence,” but not necessarily “eternal existence.” The latter idea, however, follows in the present instance from the conception of the divinity of Christ which the context supposes. source
For ἁρπαγμὸν, see GGBB 634.
ἀλλὰ ἑαυτὸν ἐκένωσεν, μορφὴν δούλου λαβών, ἐν ὁμοιώματι ἀνθρώπων γενόμενος.
καὶ σχήματι εὑρεθεὶς ὡς ἄνθρωπος, ἐταπείνωσεν ἑαυτὸν, γενόμενος ὑπήκοος μέχρι θανάτου, θανάτου δὲ σταυροῦ.
Διὸ καὶ ὁ Θεὸς αὐτὸν ὑπερύψωσεν, καὶ ἐχαρίσατο αὐτῷ τὸ ὄνομα τὸ ὑπὲρ πᾶν ὄνομα,
ἵνα ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι Ἰησοῦ πᾶν γόνυ κάμψῃ, ἐπουρανίων καὶ ἐπιγείων καὶ καταχθονίων,
καὶ πᾶσα γλῶσσα ἐξομολογήσηται ὅτι ΚΥΡΙΟΣ ΙΗΣΟΥΣ ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ, εἰς δόξαν Θεοῦ Πατρός.
Ὥστε, ἀγαπητοί μου, καθὼς πάντοτε ὑπηκούσατε, μὴ ὡς ἐν τῇ παρουσίᾳ μου μόνον, ἀλλὰ νῦν πολλῷ μᾶλλον ἐν τῇ ἀπουσίᾳ μου, μετὰ φόβου καὶ τρόμου τὴν ἑαυτῶν σωτηρίαν κατεργάζεσθε.
Phil 2:13 Θεὸς γάρ ἐστιν ὁ ἐνεργῶν ἐν ὑμῖν καὶ τὸ θέλειν καὶ τὸ ἐνεργεῖν ὑπὲρ τῆς εὐδοκίας.
Phil 2:14 Πάντα ποιεῖτε χωρὶς γογγυσμῶν καὶ διαλογισμῶν,
Phil 2:15 ἵνα γένησθε ἄμεμπτοι καὶ ἀκέραιοι, τέκνα Θεοῦ, ἄμωμα μέσον γενεᾶς σκολιᾶς καὶ διεστραμμένης, ἐν οἷς φαίνεσθε ὡς φωστῆρες ἐν κόσμῳ,
Phil 2:16 λόγον ζωῆς ἐπέχοντες, εἰς καύχημα ἐμοὶ εἰς ἡμέραν Χριστοῦ ὅτι οὐκ εἰς κενὸν ἔδραμον οὐδὲ εἰς κενὸν ἐκοπίασα.
Phil 2:17 Ἀλλὰ εἰ καὶ σπένδομαι ἐπὶ τῇ θυσίᾳ καὶ λειτουργίᾳ τῆς πίστεως ὑμῶν, χαίρω καὶ συνχαίρω πᾶσιν ὑμῖν.
Phil 2:18 τὸ δὲ αὐτὸ καὶ ὑμεῖς χαίρετε καὶ συνχαίρετέ μοι.
Phil 2:19 Ἐλπίζω δὲ ἐν Κυρίῳ Ἰησοῦ, Τιμόθεον ταχέως πέμψαι ὑμῖν, ἵνα κἀγὼ εὐψυχῶ, γνοὺς τὰ περὶ ὑμῶν.
Phil 2:20 οὐδένα γὰρ ἔχω ἰσόψυχον, ὅστις γνησίως τὰ περὶ ὑμῶν μεριμνήσει.
Phil 2:21 οἱ πάντες γὰρ τὰ ἑαυτῶν ζητοῦσιν, οὐ τὰ Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ.
Phil 2:22 τὴν δὲ δοκιμὴν αὐτοῦ γινώσκετε, ὅτι ὡς πατρὶ τέκνον, σὺν ἐμοὶ ἐδούλευσεν εἰς τὸ εὐαγγέλιον.
Phil 2:23 Τοῦτον μὲν οὖν ἐλπίζω πέμψαι, ὡς ἂν ἀφίδω τὰ περὶ ἐμὲ, ἐξαυτῆς.
Phil 2:24 πέποιθα δὲ ἐν Κυρίῳ ὅτι καὶ αὐτὸς ταχέως ἐλεύσομαι.
Phil 2:25 Ἀναγκαῖον δὲ ἡγησάμην, Ἐπαφρόδιτον, τὸν ἀδελφὸν καὶ συνεργὸν καὶ συστρατιώτην μου, ὑμῶν δὲ ἀπόστολον καὶ λειτουργὸν τῆς χρείας μου, πέμψαι πρὸς ὑμᾶς,
Phil 2:26 ἐπειδὴ ἐπιποθῶν ἦν πάντας ὑμᾶς καὶ ἀδημονῶν διότι ἠκούσατε ὅτι ἠσθένησεν.
Phil 2:27 καὶ γὰρ ἠσθένησεν παραπλήσιον θανάτῳ, ἀλλὰ ὁ Θεὸς ἠλέησεν αὐτόν· οὐκ αὐτὸν δὲ μόνον, ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐμέ, ἵνα μὴ λύπην ἐπὶ λύπην σχῶ.
Phil 2:28 Σπουδαιοτέρως οὖν ἔπεμψα αὐτὸν, ἵνα ἰδόντες αὐτὸν πάλιν, χαρῆτε, κἀγὼ ἀλυπότερος ὦ.
Phil 2:29 προσδέχεσθε οὖν αὐτὸν ἐν Κυρίῳ μετὰ πάσης χαρᾶς, καὶ τοὺς τοιούτους ἐντίμους ἔχετε,
Phil 2:30 ὅτι διὰ τὸ ἔργον Χριστοῦ, μέχρι θανάτου ἤγγισεν, παραβολευσάμενος τῇ ψυχῇ ἵνα ἀναπληρώσῃ τὸ ὑμῶν ὑστέρημα τῆς πρός με λειτουργίας.