- There are twenty-four letters.
- Capital letters are not used as often as small letters, but they are found in dictionaries, proper names, and beginning quotations.
- There are five double consonants, so called because they require two letters in transliteration: θ, ξ, φ, χ, ψ.
- There are seven vowels: α, ε, η, ι, ο, υ, ω.
- A really great alphabet song is here or a silly video if you are so inclined.
We do not know for sure how Greek was pronounced in ancient times. This class uses the Erasmian or academic pronunciation that is used (traditionally) in studying classical and biblical Greek.