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Μετὰ ταῦτα ἦν ἑορτὴ τῶν Ἰουδαίων, καὶ ἀνέβη Ἰησοῦς εἰς Ἱεροσόλυμα.
After these things,
Ἔστιν δὲ ἐν τοῖς Ἱεροσολύμοις ἐπὶ τῇ προβατικῇ κολυμβήθρα, ἡ ἐπιλεγομένη Ἑβραϊστὶ ‹Βηθεσδά›, πέντε στοὰς ἔχουσα.
ἐν ταύταις κατέκειτο πλῆθος τῶν ἀσθενούντων, τυφλῶν, χωλῶν, ξηρῶν.
John 5:4 —
Ἦν δέ τις ἄνθρωπος ἐκεῖ, τριάκοντα καὶ ὀκτὼ ἔτη ἔχων ἐν τῇ ἀσθενείᾳ αὐτοῦ.
τοῦτον ἰδὼν ὁ Ἰησοῦς κατακείμενον, καὶ γνοὺς ὅτι πολὺν ἤδη χρόνον ἔχει, λέγει αὐτῷ, Θέλεις ὑγιὴς γενέσθαι;
Ἀπεκρίθη αὐτῷ ὁ ἀσθενῶν, Κύριε, ἄνθρωπον οὐκ ἔχω, ἵνα ὅταν ταραχθῇ τὸ ὕδωρ, βάλῃ με εἰς τὴν κολυμβήθραν, ἐν ᾧ δὲ ἔρχομαι ἐγὼ, ἄλλος πρὸ ἐμοῦ καταβαίνει.
John 5:8 Λέγει αὐτῷ ὁ Ἰησοῦς, Ἔγειρε, ἆρον τὸν κράβαττόν σου, καὶ περιπάτει.
John 5:9 Καὶ εὐθέως ἐγένετο ὑγιὴς ὁ ἄνθρωπος, καὶ ἦρεν τὸν κράβαττον αὐτοῦ καὶ περιεπάτει. Ἦν δὲ σάββατον ἐν ἐκείνῃ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ.
John 5:10 ἔλεγον οὖν οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι τῷ τεθεραπευμένῳ, Σάββατόν ἐστιν, καὶ οὐκ ἔξεστίν σοι ἆραι τὸν κράβαττον [σου],
John 5:11 ὃς δὲ ἀπεκρίθη αὐτοῖς, Ὁ ποιήσας με ὑγιῆ, ἐκεῖνός μοι εἶπεν, Ἆρον τὸν κράβαττόν σου καὶ περιπάτει.
John 5:12 Ἠρώτησαν ‹οὖν› αὐτόν, Τίς ἐστιν ὁ ἄνθρωπος ὁ εἰπών σοι, Ἆρον καὶ περιπάτει;
John 5:13 Ὁ δὲ ἰαθεὶς οὐκ ᾔδει τίς ἐστιν, ὁ γὰρ Ἰησοῦς ἐξένευσεν, ὄχλου ὄντος ἐν τῷ τόπῳ.
John 5:14 Μετὰ ταῦτα εὑρίσκει αὐτὸν ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ, Ἴδε, ὑγιὴς γέγονας· μηκέτι ἁμάρτανε, ἵνα μὴ χεῖρόν σοί τι γένηται.
John 5:15 ἀπῆλθεν ὁ ἄνθρωπος καὶ ἀνήγγειλεν* τοῖς Ἰουδαίοις ὅτι Ἰησοῦς ἐστιν ὁ ποιήσας αὐτὸν ὑγιῆ.
John 5:16 Καὶ διὰ τοῦτο, ἐδίωκον οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι τὸν Ἰησοῦν, ὅτι ταῦτα ἐποίει ἐν σαββάτῳ.
John 5:17 ὁ δὲ [Ἰησοῦς] ἀπεκρίνατο αὐτοῖς, Ὁ Πατήρ μου ἕως ἄρτι ἐργάζεται, κἀγὼ ἐργάζομαι.
John 5:18 Διὰ τοῦτο οὖν, μᾶλλον ἐζήτουν αὐτὸν οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι ἀποκτεῖναι, ὅτι οὐ μόνον ἔλυεν τὸ σάββατον, ἀλλὰ καὶ Πατέρα ἴδιον ἔλεγεν τὸν Θεόν, ἴσον ἑαυτὸν ποιῶν τῷ Θεῷ.
John 5:19 Ἀπεκρίνατο οὖν ὁ Ἰησοῦς καὶ ἔλεγεν αὐτοῖς, Ἀμὴν, ἀμὴν, λέγω ὑμῖν, οὐ δύναται ὁ Υἱὸς ποιεῖν ἀφ’ ἑαυτοῦ οὐδὲν, ἐὰν* μή τι βλέπῃ τὸν Πατέρα ποιοῦντα· ἃ γὰρ ἂν ἐκεῖνος ποιῇ, ταῦτα καὶ ὁ Υἱὸς ὁμοίως ποιεῖ.
John 5:20 ὁ γὰρ Πατὴρ φιλεῖ τὸν Υἱὸν, καὶ πάντα δείκνυσιν αὐτῷ ἃ αὐτὸς ποιεῖ· καὶ μείζονα τούτων δείξει αὐτῷ ἔργα, ἵνα ὑμεῖς θαυμάζητε.
John 5:21 Ὥσπερ γὰρ ὁ Πατὴρ ἐγείρει τοὺς νεκροὺς καὶ ζωοποιεῖ, οὕτως καὶ ὁ Υἱὸς οὓς θέλει, ζωοποιεῖ.
John 5:22 οὐδὲ γὰρ ὁ Πατὴρ κρίνει οὐδένα, ἀλλὰ τὴν κρίσιν πᾶσαν δέδωκεν τῷ Υἱῷ,
John 5:23 ἵνα πάντες τιμῶσι τὸν Υἱὸν, καθὼς τιμῶσι τὸν Πατέρα. ὁ μὴ τιμῶν τὸν Υἱὸν, οὐ τιμᾷ τὸν Πατέρα, τὸν πέμψαντα αὐτόν.
John 5:24 Ἀμὴν, ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι ὁ τὸν λόγον μου ἀκούων, καὶ πιστεύων τῷ πέμψαντί με, ἔχει ζωὴν αἰώνιον καὶ εἰς κρίσιν οὐκ ἔρχεται, ἀλλὰ μεταβέβηκεν ἐκ τοῦ θανάτου εἰς τὴν ζωήν.
John 5:25 Ἀμὴν, ἀμὴν, λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι ἔρχεται ὥρα, καὶ νῦν ἐστιν, ὅτε οἱ νεκροὶ ἀκούσουσιν τῆς φωνῆς τοῦ Υἱοῦ τοῦ Θεοῦ, καὶ οἱ ἀκούσαντες ζήσουσιν.
John 5:26 ὥσπερ γὰρ ὁ Πατὴρ ἔχει ζωὴν ἐν ἑαυτῷ, οὕτως καὶ τῷ Υἱῷ ἔδωκεν ζωὴν, ἔχειν ἐν ἑαυτῷ.
John 5:27 καὶ ἐξουσίαν ἔδωκεν αὐτῷ κρίσιν ποιεῖν, ὅτι Υἱὸς ἀνθρώπου ἐστίν.
John 5:28 μὴ θαυμάζετε τοῦτο, ὅτι ἔρχεται ὥρα ἐν ᾗ πάντες οἱ ἐν τοῖς μνημείοις ἀκούσουσιν τῆς φωνῆς αὐτοῦ,
John 5:29 καὶ ἐκπορεύσονται— οἱ τὰ ἀγαθὰ ποιήσαντες, εἰς ἀνάστασιν ζωῆς· οἱ ‹δὲ› τὰ φαῦλα πράξαντες, εἰς ἀνάστασιν κρίσεως.
John 5:30 Οὐ δύναμαι ἐγὼ ποιεῖν ἀπ’ ἐμαυτοῦ οὐδέν· καθὼς ἀκούω, κρίνω· καὶ ἡ κρίσις ἡ ἐμὴ δικαία ἐστίν, ὅτι οὐ ζητῶ τὸ θέλημα τὸ ἐμὸν, ἀλλὰ τὸ θέλημα τοῦ πέμψαντός με.
John 5:31 Ἐὰν ἐγὼ μαρτυρῶ περὶ ἐμαυτοῦ, ἡ μαρτυρία μου οὐκ ἔστιν ἀληθής.
John 5:32 ἄλλος ἐστὶν ὁ μαρτυρῶν περὶ ἐμοῦ, καὶ οἶδα ὅτι ἀληθής ἐστιν ἡ μαρτυρία ἣν μαρτυρεῖ περὶ ἐμοῦ.
John 5:33 Ὑμεῖς ἀπεστάλκατε πρὸς Ἰωάννην καὶ μεμαρτύρηκεν τῇ ἀληθείᾳ.
John 5:34 ἐγὼ δὲ οὐ παρὰ ἀνθρώπου τὴν μαρτυρίαν λαμβάνω, ἀλλὰ ταῦτα λέγω ἵνα ὑμεῖς σωθῆτε.
Ἐκεῖνος ἦν ὁ λύχνος ὁ καιόμενος καὶ φαίνων· ὑμεῖς δὲ ἠθελήσατε ἀγαλλιαθῆναι πρὸς ὥραν ἐν τῷ φωτὶ αὐτοῦ.
That one was a lamp burning and shining, and you desired to rejoice in his light for the hour.
Paraphrase: Now this is the second testimony to which I appeal. John was a true man of God who preached the truth of God fearlessly and boldly. His ministry was a searching and convicting word to all who heard him. You too were quite interested in his message since you sent messengers to him asking him questions. (Jn 1:19)
See principle 19.
ἐγὼ δὲ ἔχω τὴν μαρτυρίαν μείζω τοῦ Ἰωάννου. τὰ γὰρ ἔργα ἃ δέδωκέν μοι ὁ Πατὴρ ἵνα τελειώσω αὐτά, αὐτὰ τὰ ἔργα ἃ ποιῶ, μαρτυρεῖ περὶ ἐμοῦ ὅτι ὁ Πατήρ με ἀπέσταλκεν.
But I have a witness greater than John; for the works which the Father has given to me in order that I might complete them. These very works which I do testify about Me that the Father sent Me.
Paraphrase: But perhaps you are not willing to take John’s word for it. There is another witness which I can summon whose testimony you cannot dismiss so easily. In fact, this is not a single witness but amounts to many witnesses. These witness are the miracles which My Father sent Me to perform and which He has also enabled me to do. These provide a testimony which no one can miss, for no one is able to do these signs unless God is with him. (Jn 3:2) They send an unmistakable message that God, My Father, has sent Me on this mission.
ὅτι = content οτι for μαρτυρεῖ
καὶ ὁ πέμψας με, Πατὴρ ἐκεῖνος, μεμαρτύρηκεν περὶ ἐμοῦ. οὔτε φωνὴν αὐτοῦ πώποτε ἀκηκόατε, οὔτε εἶδος αὐτοῦ ἑωράκατε.
And the One who sent Me, that One is the Father, He has testified about Me. Neither His voice you ever heard, nor His form you have seen.
Paraphrase: Now it’s true that My Father never spoke to you in an audible voice or appeared to you in a visible way to tell you that I am His Messenger. For all that, however, He has spoken very clearly through these miracles which only He can enable someone to perform. These mighty acts are God Himself speaking and giving His infallible testimony that He sent Me.
πέμψας is a substantival participle functioning as the subject of μεμαρτύρηκεν.
καὶ τὸν λόγον αὐτοῦ οὐκ ἔχετε ἐν ὑμῖν μένοντα· ὅτι ὃν ἀπέστειλεν ἐκεῖνος, τούτῳ ὑμεῖς οὐ πιστεύετε.
and His word you do not have in you remaining because whom that One sent, you do not believe this One.
Paraphrase: Now this is the reason why you cannot see the truth of both John’s witness and the combined witness of all the miracles which I do. God has spoken. He has given clear and unmistakable testimony that I am His Messenger and that My mission is His mission. You, however, have dismissed His testimony as false. You have basically made My Father out to be a liar. (1Jn 5:10) The result of this willful unbelief is that your eyes are blinded. (Jn 9:39; Rom 11:25)
μένοντα is with λόγον; note the agreement.
Ἐραυνᾶτε τὰς γραφάς, ὅτι ὑμεῖς δοκεῖτε ἐν αὐταῖς ζωὴν αἰώνιον ἔχειν· καὶ ἐκεῖναί εἰσιν αἱ μαρτυροῦσαι περὶ ἐμοῦ·
You are searching the Scriptures because you think in them life eternal to have, and these are the ones testifying about Me.
Paraphrase: How commendable is your earnest and laborious study of the Scripture. Day after day you devote untold hours to the patient and detailed study of the Scriptures. You are searching for eternal life, and you are sure you will find it there. But to what purpose is all this labor? Every page of Scripture points to Me and to My mission, but you can’t see it. What a pity! Oh Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city and people that killed the prophets and stoned God’s messengers; how often I would have saved you and your children, just as a hen rushes to gather her chicks under her wings…
ἔχειν = complementary infinitive
αἱ μαρτυροῦσαι here is a predicate nominative.
καὶ οὐ θέλετε ἐλθεῖν πρός με ἵνα ζωὴν ἔχητε.
and you did not desire to come to me in order that you might have life.
Paraphrase: …but you stubbornly refused to come and follow Me. (Mt 23:37) I would have given you life, and eternal life, but you judged yourselves unworthy of it. (Acts 13:46)
Δόξαν παρὰ ἀνθρώπων οὐ λαμβάνω·
Glory from men, I do not receive.
Paraphrase: Do you think I am doing this for publicity? to be famous? to become the leader of a new religious party? to gain your approval?
ἀλλὰ ἔγνωκα ὑμᾶς, ὅτι τὴν ἀγάπην τοῦ Θεοῦ οὐκ ἔχετε ἐν ἑαυτοῖς.
but I know you that the love of God you do not have in you.
Paraphrase: All this makes one thing very obvious. You don’t really love God. You love yourselves and your own agenda. If God Himself stood before you and spoke to you, you wouldn’t believe Him.
τὴν ἀγάπην τοῦ Θεοῦ = objective genitive
ἐγὼ ἐλήλυθα ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ Πατρός μου, καὶ οὐ λαμβάνετέ με· ἐὰν ἄλλος ἔλθῃ ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τῷ ἰδίῳ, ἐκεῖνον λήμψεσθε.
πῶς δύνασθε ὑμεῖς πιστεῦσαι, δόξαν παρὰ ἀλλήλων λαμβάνοντες, καὶ τὴν δόξαν τὴν παρὰ τοῦ μόνου Θεοῦ, οὐ ζητεῖτε;
John 5:45 Μὴ δοκεῖτε ὅτι ἐγὼ κατηγορήσω ὑμῶν πρὸς τὸν Πατέρα. ἔστιν ὁ κατηγορῶν ὑμῶν, Μωϋσῆς, εἰς ὃν ὑμεῖς ἠλπίκατε.
John 5:46 εἰ γὰρ ἐπιστεύετε Μωϋσεῖ, ἐπιστεύετε ἂν ἐμοί· περὶ γὰρ ἐμοῦ ἐκεῖνος ἔγραψεν.
John 5:47 εἰ δὲ τοῖς ἐκείνου γράμμασιν οὐ πιστεύετε, πῶς τοῖς ἐμοῖς ῥήμασιν πιστεύσετε;