greek article

Here are the forms of the Greek article:

masc

fem

neut

nom sg

τό

gen sg

τοῦ

τῆς

τοῦ

dat sg

τῷ

τῇ

τῷ

acc sg

τόν

τήν

τό

       

nom pl

οἱ

αἱ

τά

gen pl

τῶν

τῶν

τῶν

dat pl

τοῖς

ταῖς

τοῖς

acc pl

τούς

τάς

τά

 

See syntax principles 7, 15, 18, 24, and 28.

The following are some important facts to remember about the use of the article:

  1. The article is often used as a possessive pronoun when such a meaning is obvious.
  2. Names of persons usually omit the article.  Yet they often take it to mark them as before mentioned (anaphoric) or well known.
  3. Abstract nouns often take the article
  4. The article has a demonstrative force before μεν and δε in expressing contrast/
  5. There is no indefinite article in Greek. The English “a” or “an” must therefore usually be omitted in translation πολις, a city.  When the writer has in mind some particular person or thing but does not name it the indefinite pronoun τις is used.  source

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