greek perfect tense

The aspect of the perfect tense denotes action as having been already completed, in the writer’s mind, with the emphasis on the resulting state of affairs cf. BBG chapter 25 or this video. See the endings here.  Typically, this is captured in English by using the helping verb “has”, “have” or “had”.

πεπιστευκα – I have believed

λελυκα – I have loosed

Perfects are easy to find because they reduplicate.

Tense Tense Formative Augment
Present no no
Imperfect no yes
First Aorist yes yes
Second Aorist no yes
Future yes no
Perfect yes no


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