article

In English, the articles are: a, an, the. “a” and “an” are indefinite, and “the” is definite.


Greek:

The article has case, number, and gender. The article always agrees with the noun that it modifies in case, number, and gender (principle 7).  The article differs only slightly from the relative pronoun (BBG 14.7).

masculine

feminine

neuter

nominative singular

τό

genitive singular

τοῦ

τῆς

τοῦ

dative singular

τῷ

τῇ

τῷ

accusative singular

τόν

τήν

τό

       

nominative plural

οἱ

αἱ

τά

genitive plural

τῶν

τῶν

τῶν

dative plural

τοῖς

ταῖς

τοῖς

accusative plural

τούς

τάς

τά

“ο δε” means “but he.”


Hebrew:

The article in Hebrew is a ה prefixed to the front of a noun.  Typically, the ה will be followed by a patah with a dagesh in the following letter; see here or this video.  Sometimes syncope occurs.

הַשָּׁמַיִם

If the next letter is a guttural (gutturals will never take a dagesh), the patah will lengthen to a qamats.

הָאָרֶץ