A phrase is a group of words that does not have a subject and verb.  A clause, on the other hand, has a subject and verb.


  • under the fence
  • around the church
  • running to the store
  • preaching Christ


  • After we won the race
  • Before Carl started preaching
  • I love fish.

In English, there are four basic kinds of phrases;

The first three are also called verbals.