imperative

An imperative verb gives a command. An imperative sentence, likewise, is a command in distinction from a declarative sentence which is a statement.  The subject of an imperative verb is rarely stated. It is an implied “you” e.g.

Go and get the mail.

(you) go and get the mail.


Greek:

Study BBG chapter 33.

Present Active

Singular

Plural

2nd person

λῦε

λύετε

3rd person

λυέτω

λυέτωσαν

Present Middle/Passive

Singular

Plural

2nd person

λύου

λύεσθε

3rd person

λυέσθω

λυέσθωσαν

Aorist Active

Singular

Plural

2nd person

λῦσον

λύσατε

3rd person

λυσάτω

λυσάτωσαν

Aorist Middle

Singular

Plural

2nd person

λῦσαι

λύσασθε

3rd person

λυσάσθω

λυσάσθωσαν

Aorist Passive

Singular

Plural

2nd person

λύθητι

λύθητε

3rd person

λυθήτω

λυθήτωσαν

2nd Aorist Active

Singular

Plural

2nd person

βάλε

βάλετε

3rd person

βαλέτω

βαλέτωσαν

2nd Aorist Middle

Singular

Plural

2nd person

βαλοῦ

βάλεσθε

3rd person

βαλέσθω

βαλέσθωσαν

Present Imperative of ειμι

Singular

Plural

2nd person

ἴσθι

ἔστε

3rd person

ἔστω

ἔστωσαν


Hebrew:

Begin here.

Imperative verbs are used to express positive commands or instructions directed to another person(s). Thus, they are always in the second person.  Imperative verbs can express actions with varying degrees of desirability, including instructions, requests, permissions, invitations, assurances, wishes, etc. The context must determine the meaning of each instance.

Hebrew does not use the Imperative form to express negative commands; see here.


Qal imperative:

Parsing

Hebrew

Gloss

masculine singular

כְּבַד

you must be heavy

feminine singular

כִּבְדִי

you must be heavy

masculine plural

כִּבְדוּ

you must be heavy

feminine plural

כְּבַדְנָה

you must be heavy


Nifal imperative:

Parsing

Hebrew

Gloss

masculine singular

הִקָּטֵל

you must be killed

feminine singular

הִקָּטְלִי

you must be killed

masculine plural

הִקָּטְלוּ

you must be killed

feminine plural

הִקָּטַלְנָה

you must be killed


Hifil imperative:

Parsing

Hebrew

Gloss

masculine singular

הַקְטֵל

you must cause to kill

feminine singular

הַקְטִילִי

you must cause to kill

masculine plural

הַקְטִילוּ

you must cause to kill

feminine plural

הַקְטֵלְנָה

you must cause to kill


Piel imperative:

Parsing

Hebrew

Gloss

masculine singular

קַטֵּל

you must slaughter

feminine singular

קַטְּלִי

you must slaughter

masculine plural

קַטְּלוּ

you must slaughter

feminine plural

קַטֵּלְנָה

you must slaughter


Hitpael imperative: 

Parsing

Hebrew

Gloss

masculine singular

הִתְקַטֵּל

he must kill himself

feminine singular

הִתְקַטְּלִי

she must kill herself

masculine plural

הִתְקַטְּלוּ

they must kill themselves

feminine plural

הִתְקַטֵּלְנָה

they must kill themselves